Shifts for Teaching Reading Within the Disciplines
· Show students how experts in your field read relevant texts, not just how to read a textbook.
· Provide students with a wide variety of texts of varying lengths related to disciplinary topics instead of a single resource.
· Model the language of the discipline by reading aloud and explaining why experts use the words or terms in certain ways rather than engaging in isolated vocabulary study.
· Challenge students’ perception of literacy by talking about how disciplinary experts read, write, speak and think that might not conform to conventional rules in ELA classes.
· Think in terms of how students will use new information to do work within the disciplines rather than only for test-taking purposes.
· Give students time to read in class and encourage reading at home.
E.g. The use of intriguing photos can be used in any discipline.. You can remove the captions of intriguing photos and do a See/Think/Wonder with students. Once student interest is piqued, they will be motivated to want to know and learn more.
Shifts for Teaching Writing Within the Disciplines
Show students how to write in your discipline by providing students with (an):
· Article a week
· Mentor texts
Have students write every day as it relates to your discipline.
· Exit slips
· Interactive exploratory notebooks
· Reflection pieces
· Informational/argumentative short tasks
· Choice writing in ELA classes